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Toxoplasmosis in Pigs

Update Time:2023/6/27

What is porcine toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii, also known as toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease with a wide variety of hosts and a high infection rate in both humans and animals. This disease is more harmful to pigs, and sometimes it can cause explosive epidemics and mass deaths, and it can occur all year round. Pigs of any age can be infected, and small and medium-sized pigs are severely affected.

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What is the harm of porcine toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasma gondii needs to complete the entire development process in two hosts to survive, of which the cat is the final host. Before that, it had to survive and develop in the intermediate hosts, namely mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and humans, which can cause the host human and animal diseases . It not only endangers the production of livestock and poultry, but once infected and diseased livestock and poultry and their products enter the market, poor food hygiene management can also cause human infection. In severe cases, the whole group becomes ill, and the mortality rate can be as high as more than 60%.

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TAEING Toxoplasma gondii detection reagent
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What are the symptoms of toxoplasmosis?

The main clinical features are fever, constipation, dyspnea and central nervous system disease, white foam in the nostrils, abortion and stillbirth in pregnant sows. Pathological autopsy was characterized by severe pulmonary interstitial edema and obvious enlargement of lung, liver, stomach, and lymph nodes.


How to prevent swine toxoplasmosis?

1) It is forbidden to keep cats and dogs in pig farms, and do a good job of rodent control on a regular basis;
2) Regular disinfection, use 3% caustic soda or 1~3% lime water, etc.;
3) Sick and dead pigs, aborted fetuses and their secretions must be strictly handled, and contaminated sites must be strictly disinfected.
4) The imported breeding pigs and other pigs need to be strictly quarantined and isolated.


How to treat toxoplasmosis?

Effective treatment drugs are sulfa drugs, please consult your doctor for specific use.
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