What is Feline Herpesvirus(FHV)?
Feline Herpesvirus (FHV)
1. Epidemiology: In the true sense of the "cat nose branch", the herpes virus is a DNA virus with a capsule, and the environmental stability is relatively poor, it is easy to be inactivated, and the virus will die in 18 hours at room temperature. Herpes virus is mainly found in the eyes and nose secretions and saliva of sick cats, and healthy cats are infected through direct contact with the eye and nose secretions and saliva of sick cats.
2. Clinical symptoms: When a cat is infected with the herpes virus, it will have a runny nose, sneezing, and a significant increase in eye discharge. 96% of cats will have sneezing symptoms, 52% will have eye and nose discharge, and 4% will have mouth ulcers.
Typical symptoms of the virus caused by the cat respiratory infection mainly, similar to frequent sneezing, runny nose, cough, fever, poor cat spirit, eating, because the virus affects the cat's eye conjunctiva, so another feature is that the cat will appear watery and purulent secretions, conjunctiva edema, serious can lead to corneal ulcers and even blindness
When the cat's nose is clear and watery, it proves that the cat has a simple herpes virus infection, at this time, the cat can not give antibiotics. If the cat has a yellow-green purulent nose, it indicates that the cat has a herpes virus mixed bacterial infection, then the treatment should be combined with antibiotic therapy. The FHV rapid test kits can be used to determine whether a cat has feline herpesvirus.
3. Prevention of feline herpesvirus: Once infected, feline herpesvirus will exist in the ganglion of the cat (lifelong virulence), when environmental changes and other factors stimulate the symptoms may appear, and the vaccine is not effective for cats that have been infected with herpes virus (only against herpes virus is not effective). Therefore, for infected cats, daily maintenance should be strengthened to avoid stress, and the prevention of uninfected cats is particularly important. Currently, vaccinating young cats according to standard immunization procedures is the most effective way to prevent herpes virus infection in cats.